Low cost method to create a vertical farming system

Low-Cost Method to Make Your Vertical Farm

Vertical farming has become a very popular idea, but what has been forgotten is that the energy required for the operation and the construction of vertical farms is hugely adverse to the ecological advantages. This is also applied to the small scale system too. But the cost of vertical farming decide everything.

In New York some time ago a lady made headlines with her window farm, which is described as a kind of low-tech method for indoor vertical farming systems. Having a close look at the system, it was found to be cumbersome and rather of high-technology, even though with the use of plastics bottles. Although the window farm was based on hydroponics, it makes use of the light lamp, electricity and pumps but it is still required to buy a lot of things, and it will crash down totally. A low-tech vertical garden was designed by a Belgian researcher; it transformed the use of plastics bottles into a container with efficiency for growing all manner of plants and even young trees which would be transplanted when it reaches a required height. The beauty is that water flow can be automated with the use of electrical power. This show

A low-tech vertical garden was designed by a Belgian researcher; it transformed the use of plastics bottles into a container with efficiency for growing all manner of plants and even young trees which would be transplanted when it reaches a required height. The beauty is that water flow can be automated with the use of electrical power. This show it is less cost intensity, and it is easier to set up. This method was used to combat desertification; the plant can be grown to be cultivated in the desert with minimal water and from the means of using this plastics bottles. This system can be used to build your vertical farm or garden; it can facilitate the growth of vegetables and fruits.

Another method to use build you one vertical farm is by the use of PVC. The decision of PVC piping is used in electricity conduits, and water pipes are basically for low-income people in developing countries. PVC is less expensive and also readily available. The ideal for vertical farming is to grow crops in areas where water is a challenge. With a vertical farm, you can grow cabbages, cucumbers, spinach, French beans, peas, herbs, etc.  Which goes a long way to feed a family without buying them from stores. You can consider following tips to control the cost of vertical farming when you are going to create at your home.

Define the vertical farm that you need

  • A vertical farm can withstand an average wind speed of about 15 knots and the wind that may spike to over 50 knots
  • A vertical farm can bare a rainfall of about 50mm per hour
  • A vertical farm can be built at the cost of $350
  • A vertical farm can be constructed using locally made material like PVC pipes, which cheaply affordable and also readily available

Vertical pipes made out of PVC pipes

PVC are electricity conduits, and PVC pipes are produced industrially for commercial purposes, with a maximum length of PVC pipes are 20feets which are also about 6.1 meters. For a vertical farm to be constructed from PVC, it must be able to withstand rough weather and must be economically spacious; it should have a width of twelve to fourteen feet, the base width of PVC constructed for vertical farm can be as long as you want. The vertical farm should have a door that will fit you.

Base width of the vertical farm

The PVC is folded so that it is curved upwards just like a half circle with a diameter of 4.3 meters. This will be the base of our vertical farm

Choosing the ground sites

Getting land sites of at least fourteen feet in width and at least a length of about twenty feet. You determine how your vertical farm will be in length and width. There should not be tree shades around in other to allow sunlight (natural light) to reach the vertical farm, also make sure the sites has a good water system that those not cause water logging. The area should be proper marked out

Get some tools like a hacksaw

Once you are done with the ground site, you want to use, get some tools like hacksaw for cutting, PVC pipes and a crowbar for digging if necessary.

Buying PVC pipes for the vertical pipes

There will be a need to buy about seven pieces of one ad half thick PVC, and each of them will about twenty feet long. You can cover it if you want.

PVC connectors

PVC pipes have a connector that is used to extend the pipes or can be used in making a curve and connecting the PVC pipes round corners. The same thing is available in PVC electrical conduits. You have to know the corresponding sizes of your PVC pipes with the dealer

Snap clamps

They are used for the attachment of a UV protected polyethylene to the PVC pipes. You can make your own snap clamps or buy them from any PVC hardware. Just cut it horizontally about one-quarter of the PVC pipe, and the remaining part can be used to attach the polyethylene. It, however, advised buying from the manufacturer because you will get a better one rather than make them yourself. Your own has the tendency not to work well.

The central leg

The core of the frame structure is two identical constructed foot units. The individual legs are glued together to ensure stability, don’t stick them to cross the pieces because it would be easily dismantled when moved indoors

The majority of the leg are two PVC

  • From a 10’ section of two PVC
    • Cut two section at 32
    • Cut two section at 28
  • From a two PVC section ten
    • Cut two section at 32
    • Cut two section at 28

Controlling the cost of vertical farming by Automation

The goal is to add an automation system

  • The water cycles by timer
  • Light by timers. By measuring the natural light and by fetching current observed weather
  • Temperature; by measuring and corrective action via a fan and louver
  • Nutrition; by measuring and corrective action through a nutrient closing pump
  • Water quality (PH); by measurement and corrective action through a nutrient dosing pump
  • Alerting; all the measurement data available to create alerting rules from the cloud

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