Vertical farming is a kind of agriculture in which producing food are in vertical stacked layers, be it a skyscraper, old warehouse, or a shipping container. When we doind this at our homes, it call as vertical farming at home. That sort of agriculture is a modern idea use for indoor farming techniques and controlled-environment agriculture technology (CEA), in which all environmental factors can be controlled. Vertical farming utilizes the artificial control of light, environmental control such as humidity, gasses and temperature and fertigation. Greenhouses are similar to vertical farm because of similar techniques, where sunlight can be augmented with artificial light and metallic reflector.
It has been argued that vertical farming is real for environmental reasons, cultivation of plants within a skyscraper will often require less energy and emits less pollution than of the production of the plant on land. Natural land habitat is extremely toxic for agricultural production. Is vertical farming profitable? A detailed analysis of start-up have been done, operational cost also, but the revenue has not been done. The other costing of lighting, heating and powering the vertical farm will cancel any price benefits of the decrease in the cost of transportation. The concept of vertical farming is to reduce food miles; that is the distance any food travels before it gets to the consumer.
However, transportation is a minor contribution to the economic and environmental cost when supplying food to the urban areas. During the growth season, the sun will shine on the vertical farm at an angle such that less light is available for crops than when it is planted on a level ground. There should be a source of additional light that would need to obtain viable yields. The demand of vertical farming will be too costly and make it uncompetitive with the transitional farming system which uses only natural lighting. The natural light which will be the gotten from sunlight would not be enough for the plants on skyscrapers, the cost of artificial light bulbs will making indoors farming extremely expensive. When done at home, which is on a small scale, there might be the minimization of cost when using available resources to power the vertical farming. More greenhouse gasses can be made depending on the type of electricity generated for use. As plant acquire carbon dioxides from the atmosphere, this greenhouse tower will commonly supplement about three to four time the carbon dioxide level in the air.
This low cost vertical aquaponic system can serve for all the growth of leafy greens, herbs and raise fish for small families all year, and it is able to fit in a five by three space. The system uses fish wastes to function as a fertilizer for crops. A simple pump draws the nutrient rich water of the fish tank to the top of the vertical farm column. The water definitely reaches the root of the plant, which in turn gathers oxygen from the air and return back to the fish tank which supplies oxygen to the fish. The remarkable thing about the system is that there is no waste to be released because the soil is free and there is no need for manures, fertilizers, and pesticides. If done right you won’t have to clean the fish tank regularly.
These are the various waste items in the home you can use for vertical farming at home
- Base pipes
There is no particular type to use; you can use any kind of durable plastics or pipes. Cut the pipe into six of one foot long, the section for each side should be two inches in length. Drill two of the three-inch diameter of the hole in each of the six sectioned pipes and drill a one-inch diameter hole into the sides on both ends of the piece.
- Cups and drains
Get disposable cup which is available around. They should be perforated at the bottoms, and it has to be placed inside the drilled holes at the sides pipes. The pumps must have several heads; the drain should pour in the any of the drums.
- Vertical pipes
Long tubes which were the leftover when fixing of the bathrooms or toilets.
Cut the tubes to any length you desire, but it must be long at least. You can cut them at around two feet to about four feet in length. The four vertical prepared pipes must all be of the same length. Make one inch in diameter of the holes evenly on the vertical pipes and insert them.
- Paper tapes
Paper tapes are used in the joining of the base tubes, linking them to one another. It must be done properly to avoid leakages from any of the joints where the pipes connect to each other.
- Water Tanks
Tanks are used as the fish tank, which contains water and the fish. The tank can be about 50 gallons drums or any drum the can hold water for fish. Raising fishes and cultivating plant in an interactive environment. The excretion of the animal raised will accumulate and move to the top of the water; it is broken down by nitrifying bacteria which produces nitrate and nitrite. The plant uses the nitrates as a source of nutrient for growth.
- Light Bulbs
Used for creating artificial sunlight for the vertical farms, since sunlight will not be enough for the plants because of their angles
- Iron rod
The metal bar is needed when framing the structured area to be used. Since its home based, it should not be more than eight to about ten
- Wire mesh
Wire mesh is used to join the iron rod together
Your creativity is needed in the building a vertical farm. You know what you want and how it should look like. Based on the bright space you have around your home, you will decide how the construction style will take.
Wood are used for the base of the plants, where the plant would grow. Wood are readily available at every location